Impossible d'exécuter les aliases crées dans le .bashrc [Résolu]

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35766
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dimanche 7 novembre 2010
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13 novembre 2020
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Salut CCM.

j'ai du mal à exécuter les alias que j'ai crée sur la .bashrc de la Débian 10.4

En effet, l'alias a bien été crée dans le fichier .bashrc, j'ai actualisé, j'ai relancé la console... je crois avoir tout fait(tout ce que je connais, bien sure) mais sans solution

j'avoue que j'ai déjà plus de 3 jours entrain d'investiquer sur ce problème, et je m'en sors pas. Donc je solicite votre aide pour comprendre comment je vais résoudre, car j'avoue que sans alias je me verrai toujours obligé de retper les memes longues commande, et je vous assure que c'est pas la joie.

Merci pour tout ceux qui seront généreux de vouloir bien m'aider sur les causes de ce problème puis sur la solution

6 réponses

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4
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jeudi 28 mai 2020
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3 juin 2020

Salut! je crois que je viens de trouver le problème. j'ai comparé mon "bashrc avec celui de #Zipe31" ils sont identiques. Là n'est donc pas le problème.
Le problème je l'ai trouvé sur mon SHELL. En effet, j'utilisais le Sh et non bash, voilà pourquoi toute les modif de mon .bashrc ne conduisait à rien.

Merci pour vos contributions, car elles ont toutes conduit à creuser jusqu'à trouver la solution.
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35766
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dimanche 7 novembre 2010
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Salut,

Merci du retour.
En effet, j'utilisais le Sh et non bash
En fait ce n'est même pas "sh" mais "dash", vu que
sh
est un lien symbolique vers
dash
.

$ readlink -f /bin/sh
/bin/dash
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35766
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dimanche 7 novembre 2010
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Salut,

Ben déjà pour commencer, nous poster le contenu de ton
.bashrc
histoire de voir à quoi ressemble tes alias ;-)

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35766
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dimanche 7 novembre 2010
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Tapes juste la commande
alias
dans ton terminal et fais un copier/coller ici.
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18235
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lundi 15 janvier 2007
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hello
ou
grep alias ~/.bashrc
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4
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jeudi 28 mai 2020
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3 juin 2020

Bonsoir CCM, désolé pour le silence de ma part, en effet j'avais des petits soucis avec mon compte ccm, puis avec mon modem ...
bref je voudrais donc poursuivre la problématique posée récemment "difficulté d'executer les aliases créer dans mon .bashrc de ma Debian 10.4
cis joint la capture de mon .bashrc

merci pour votre aide!
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vendredi 14 décembre 2018
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1 juin 2020

zipe31 a dt :
> Tape juste la commande alias dans ton terminal et fais un copier/coller ici.
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jeudi 28 mai 2020
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voici la copie complète de mon .bashrc puis le résultat des commandes (sources .bashrc et echo $SHELL ) que j'ai tapé:

 $ cat .bashrc     <br># ~/.bashrc: executed by bash(1) for non-login shells.<br># see /usr/share/doc/bash/examples/startup-files (in the package bash-doc)<br># for examples<br><br># If not running interactively, don't do anything<br>case $- in<br>    *i*) ;;<br>      *) return;;<br>esac<br><br># don't put duplicate lines or lines starting with space in the history.<br># See bash(1) for more options<br>HISTCONTROL=ignoreboth<br><br># append to the history file, don't overwrite it<br>shopt -s histappend<br><br># for setting history length see HISTSIZE and HISTFILESIZE in bash(1)<br>HISTSIZE=1000<br>HISTFILESIZE=2000<br><br># check the window size after each command and, if necessary,<br># update the values of LINES and COLUMNS.<br>shopt -s checkwinsize<br><br># If set, the pattern "**" used in a pathname expansion context will<br># match all files and zero or more directories and subdirectories.<br>#shopt -s globstar<br><br># make less more friendly for non-text input files, see lesspipe(1)<br>#[ -x /usr/bin/lesspipe ] && eval "$(SHELL=/bin/sh lesspipe)"<br><br># set variable identifying the chroot you work in (used in the prompt below)<br>if [ -z "${debian_chroot:-}" ] && [ -r /etc/debian_chroot ]; then<br>    debian_chroot=$(cat /etc/debian_chroot)<br>fi<br><br># set a fancy prompt (non-color, unless we know we "want" color)<br>case "$TERM" in<br>    xterm-color|*-256color) color_prompt=yes;;<br>esac<br><br># uncomment for a colored prompt, if the terminal has the capability; turned<br># off by default to not distract the user: the focus in a terminal window<br># should be on the output of commands, not on the prompt<br>#force_color_prompt=yes<br><br>if [ -n "$force_color_prompt" ]; then<br>    if [ -x /usr/bin/tput ] && tput setaf 1 >&/dev/null; then<br>  # We have color support; assume it's compliant with Ecma-48<br> # (ISO/IEC-6429). (Lack of such support is extremely rare, and such<br> # a case would tend to support setf rather than setaf.)<br> color_prompt=yes<br>    else<br>    color_prompt=<br>    fi<br>fi<br><br>if [ "$color_prompt" = yes ]; then<br>    PS1='${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\[\033[01;32m\]\u@\h\[\033[00m\]:\[\033[01;34m\]\w\[\033[00m\]\$ '<br>else<br>    PS1='${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h:\w\$ '<br>fi<br>unset color_prompt force_color_prompt<br><br># If this is an xterm set the title to user@host:dir<br>case "$TERM" in<br>xterm*|rxvt*)<br>    PS1="\[\e]0;${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h: \w\a\]$PS1"<br>    ;;<br>*)<br>    ;;<br>esac<br><br># enable color support of ls and also add handy aliases<br>if [ -x /usr/bin/dircolors ]; then<br>    test -r ~/.dircolors && eval "$(dircolors -b ~/.dircolors)" || eval "$(dircolors -b)"<br>    alias ls='ls --color=auto'<br>    #alias dir='dir --color=auto'<br>    #alias vdir='vdir --color=auto'<br>alias testNagios='/usr/local/nagios/bin/nagios -v /usr/local/nagios/etc/nagios.cfg'<br><br><br>    #alias grep='grep --color=auto'<br>    #alias fgrep='fgrep --color=auto'<br>    #alias egrep='egrep --color=auto'<br>fi<br><br># colored GCC warnings and errors<br>#export GCC_COLORS='error=01;31:warning=01;35:note=01;36:caret=01;32:locus=01:quote=01'<br><br># some more ls aliases<br> alias ll='ls -l'<br>#alias la='ls -A'<br>#alias l='ls -CF'<br><br># Alias definitions.<br># You may want to put all your additions into a separate file like<br># ~/.bash_aliases, instead of adding them here directly.<br># See /usr/share/doc/bash-doc/examples in the bash-doc package.<br><br>if [ -f ~/.bash_aliases ]; then<br>    . ~/.bash_aliases<br>fi<br><br># enable programmable completion features (you don't need to enable<br># this, if it's already enabled in /etc/bash.bashrc and /etc/profile<br># sources /etc/bash.bashrc).<br>if ! shopt -oq posix; then<br>  if [ -f /usr/share/bash-completion/bash_completion ]; then<br>    . /usr/share/bash-completion/bash_completion<br>  elif [ -f /etc/bash_completion ]; then<br>    . /etc/bash_completion<br>  fi<br>fi<br> ##Alias ajoutés. <br><br> alias testNagios='/usr/local/nagios/bin/nagios -v /usr/local/nagios/etc/nagios.cfg'<br> alias restartNagios='sudo systemctl restart nagios'<br>$ <br>$ <br>$ <br>$ pwd <br>/home/nagios<br>$ <br>$ source .bashrc<br>-sh: 19: source: not found<br>$ <br>$ echo $SHELL<br>/bin/sh<br><br><br>

-


je signale qu'en tapant # allias , la liste de mes allias ne s'affiche pas
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35766
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dimanche 7 novembre 2010
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Il est tout pourri ton fichier
Qu'est-ce que font les balises html
<br>
à l'intérieur ?

Et puis la commande c'est
alias
avec un seul L.

La sortie (modifiée) devrait ressembler à ça :

# ~/.bashrc: executed by bash(1) for non-login shells.
# see /usr/share/doc/bash/examples/startup-files (in the package bash-doc)
# for examples

# If not running interactively, don't do anything
case $- in
    *i*) ;;
      *) return;;
esac

# don't put duplicate lines or lines starting with space in the history.
# See bash(1) for more options
HISTCONTROL=ignoreboth

# append to the history file, don't overwrite it
shopt -s histappend

# for setting history length see HISTSIZE and HISTFILESIZE in bash(1)
HISTSIZE=1000
HISTFILESIZE=2000

# check the window size after each command and, if necessary,
# update the values of LINES and COLUMNS.
shopt -s checkwinsize

# If set, the pattern "**" used in a pathname expansion context will
# match all files and zero or more directories and subdirectories.
#shopt -s globstar

# make less more friendly for non-text input files, see lesspipe(1)
#[ -x /usr/bin/lesspipe ] && eval "$(SHELL=/bin/sh lesspipe)"

# set variable identifying the chroot you work in (used in the prompt below)
if [ -z "${debian_chroot:-}" ] && [ -r /etc/debian_chroot ]; then
    debian_chroot=$(cat /etc/debian_chroot)
fi

# set a fancy prompt (non-color, unless we know we "want" color)
case "$TERM" in
    xterm-color|*-256color) color_prompt=yes;;
esac

# uncomment for a colored prompt, if the terminal has the capability; turned
# off by default to not distract the user: the focus in a terminal window
# should be on the output of commands, not on the prompt
#force_color_prompt=yes

if [ -n "$force_color_prompt" ]; then
    if [ -x /usr/bin/tput ] && tput setaf 1 >&/dev/null; then
  # We have color support; assume it's compliant with Ecma-48
 # (ISO/IEC-6429). (Lack of such support is extremely rare, and such
 # a case would tend to support setf rather than setaf.)
 color_prompt=yes
    else
    color_prompt=
    fi
fi

if [ "$color_prompt" = yes ]; then
    PS1='${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\[\033[01;32m\]\u@\h\[\033[00m\]:\[\033[01;34m\]\w\[\033[00m\]\$ '
else
    PS1='${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h:\w\$ '
fi
unset color_prompt force_color_prompt

# If this is an xterm set the title to user@host:dir
case "$TERM" in
xterm*|rxvt*)
    PS1="\[\e]0;${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h: \w\a\]$PS1"
    ;;
*)
    ;;
esac

# enable color support of ls and also add handy aliases
if [ -x /usr/bin/dircolors ]; then
    test -r ~/.dircolors && eval "$(dircolors -b ~/.dircolors)" || eval "$(dircolors -b)"
    alias ls='ls --color=auto'
    #alias dir='dir --color=auto'
    #alias vdir='vdir --color=auto'
alias testNagios='/usr/local/nagios/bin/nagios -v /usr/local/nagios/etc/nagios.cfg'


    #alias grep='grep --color=auto'
    #alias fgrep='fgrep --color=auto'
    #alias egrep='egrep --color=auto'
fi

# colored GCC warnings and errors
#export GCC_COLORS='error=01;31:warning=01;35:note=01;36:caret=01;32:locus=01:quote=01'

# some more ls aliases
 alias ll='ls -l'
#alias la='ls -A'
#alias l='ls -CF'

# Alias definitions.
# You may want to put all your additions into a separate file like
# ~/.bash_aliases, instead of adding them here directly.
# See /usr/share/doc/bash-doc/examples in the bash-doc package.

if [ -f ~/.bash_aliases ]; then
    . ~/.bash_aliases
fi

# enable programmable completion features (you don't need to enable
# this, if it's already enabled in /etc/bash.bashrc and /etc/profile
# sources /etc/bash.bashrc).
if ! shopt -oq posix; then
  if [ -f /usr/share/bash-completion/bash_completion ]; then
    . /usr/share/bash-completion/bash_completion
  elif [ -f /etc/bash_completion ]; then
    . /etc/bash_completion
  fi
fi
 ##Alias ajoutés. 

 alias testNagios='/usr/local/nagios/bin/nagios -v /usr/local/nagios/etc/nagios.cfg'
 alias restartNagios='sudo systemctl restart nagios'
Messages postés
35766
Date d'inscription
dimanche 7 novembre 2010
Statut
Contributeur
Dernière intervention
13 novembre 2020
5 630 >
Messages postés
35766
Date d'inscription
dimanche 7 novembre 2010
Statut
Contributeur
Dernière intervention
13 novembre 2020

Tiens je te colle le contenu de mon .
bashrc
sur une Raspbian + la sortie de la commande
alias
et le résultat de la commande l
sb_release -a
:

# ~/.bashrc: executed by bash(1) for non-login shells.
# see /usr/share/doc/bash/examples/startup-files (in the package bash-doc)
# for examples

# If not running interactively, don't do anything
case $- in
    *i*) ;;
      *) return;;
esac

# don't put duplicate lines or lines starting with space in the history.
# See bash(1) for more options
HISTCONTROL=ignoreboth

# append to the history file, don't overwrite it
shopt -s histappend

# for setting history length see HISTSIZE and HISTFILESIZE in bash(1)
HISTSIZE=1000
HISTFILESIZE=2000

# check the window size after each command and, if necessary,
# update the values of LINES and COLUMNS.
shopt -s checkwinsize

# If set, the pattern "**" used in a pathname expansion context will
# match all files and zero or more directories and subdirectories.
#shopt -s globstar

# make less more friendly for non-text input files, see lesspipe(1)
#[ -x /usr/bin/lesspipe ] && eval "$(SHELL=/bin/sh lesspipe)"

# set variable identifying the chroot you work in (used in the prompt below)
if [ -z "${debian_chroot:-}" ] && [ -r /etc/debian_chroot ]; then
    debian_chroot=$(cat /etc/debian_chroot)
fi

# set a fancy prompt (non-color, unless we know we "want" color)
case "$TERM" in
    xterm-color) color_prompt=yes;;
esac

# uncomment for a colored prompt, if the terminal has the capability; turned
# off by default to not distract the user: the focus in a terminal window
# should be on the output of commands, not on the prompt
force_color_prompt=yes

if [ -n "$force_color_prompt" ]; then
    if [ -x /usr/bin/tput ] && tput setaf 1 >&/dev/null; then
        # We have color support; assume it's compliant with Ecma-48
        # (ISO/IEC-6429). (Lack of such support is extremely rare, and such
        # a case would tend to support setf rather than setaf.)
        color_prompt=yes
    else
        color_prompt=
    fi
fi

if [ "$color_prompt" = yes ]; then
    PS1='${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\[\033[01;32m\]\u@\h\[\033[00m\]:\[\033[01;34m\]\w \$\[\033[00m\] '
else
    PS1='${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h:\w\$ '
fi
unset color_prompt force_color_prompt

# If this is an xterm set the title to user@host:dir
case "$TERM" in
xterm*|rxvt*)
    PS1="\[\e]0;${debian_chroot:+($debian_chroot)}\u@\h: \w\a\]$PS1"
    ;;
*)
    ;;
esac

# enable color support of ls and also add handy aliases
if [ -x /usr/bin/dircolors ]; then
    test -r ~/.dircolors && eval "$(dircolors -b ~/.dircolors)" || eval "$(dircolors -b)"
    alias ls='ls --color=auto'
    #alias dir='dir --color=auto'
    #alias vdir='vdir --color=auto'

    alias grep='grep --color=auto'
    alias fgrep='fgrep --color=auto'
    alias egrep='egrep --color=auto'
fi

# colored GCC warnings and errors
#export GCC_COLORS='error=01;31:warning=01;35:note=01;36:caret=01;32:locus=01:quote=01'

# some more ls aliases
#alias ll='ls -l'
#alias la='ls -A'
#alias l='ls -CF'

# Alias definitions.
# You may want to put all your additions into a separate file like
# ~/.bash_aliases, instead of adding them here directly.
# See /usr/share/doc/bash-doc/examples in the bash-doc package.

if [ -f ~/.bash_aliases ]; then
    . ~/.bash_aliases
fi

# enable programmable completion features (you don't need to enable
# this, if it's already enabled in /etc/bash.bashrc and /etc/profile
# sources /etc/bash.bashrc).
if ! shopt -oq posix; then
  if [ -f /usr/share/bash-completion/bash_completion ]; then
    . /usr/share/bash-completion/bash_completion
  elif [ -f /etc/bash_completion ]; then
    . /etc/bash_completion
  fi
fi


pi@pi-rogue:~ $ alias
alias egrep='egrep --color=auto'
alias fgrep='fgrep --color=auto'
alias grep='grep --color=auto'
alias ls='ls --color=auto'


pi@pi-rogue:~ $ lsb_release -a
No LSB modules are available.
Distributor ID: Raspbian
Description: Raspbian GNU/Linux 9.11 (stretch)
Release: 9.11
Codename: stretch